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Common name: Karamu Botanical name: Coprosma robusta
Family: Rubiaceae (Madder family) Maximum height: 6 metres


Where found:
  • Sea level to 1200m .
  • Forest and scrubland, especially forest margins and hillsides, lowland swamp
  • Tolerates shade or full sun
  • Small erect tree or spreading shrub, early growth is fast, has dense and fibrous root system.
  • Opposite leathery leaves 5-12 cm long, eliptical to oblong in shape. Dark green with paler green undersides, domatia (small holes) on undersides of leaves, prominent vein pattern.
  • Flower: male and female reproductive organs are borne on separate trees
  • Berry 8-9mm long by 4-5mm wide, orange to red, seed ripe in autumn. Plants older than 3 years produce abundant quantities of seed.
  • Pale green bark when young turning brown when older.
  • Fruit attracts bellbird, kereru and tui. Helps seed dispersal.
  • Tolerance: frost-moderate, wind-high but not persistent winds, drought-moderate, salt-moderate, waterlogging-moderate.
    Environmental Tolerances - key


Click on image for larger picture
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PHOTO: Maggie Bayfield

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PHOTO: Peter Winter





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